Sustainability - Management of Cities in Brazil
Postado por Peloggia, em 25/05/2016
The world we live in, admits as priority items, consumption on a large scale of all possible products, from food to high-tech equipment. We are not aware of the importance that evolution requires increasingly a stable planet from the point of view of environmental resources. The serious problems that arise are the emergence of large collapses at all levels of the population. Then came word that encompasses these actions, in order to ensure a balance, and that the cities that term is known as sustainability and urban ecology.
The management of cities has been characterized by their difficulties in addressing environmental problems. Because, there are few initiatives to promote integrated management of urban activities that increase the quality of life of the population and preserve the balance in the built environment. The dynamics associated with a crisis in public management presents results as an explanation of social needs and public services and a marked difficulty in policy / administrative management. This is causing an increasing degree of deterioration of the built environment that is manifested in the degradation of water resources and difficulties in ensuring quality of life, associated with sanitation.
Several Brazilian cities out highly technical, technological and well-trained academically, human resources indispensable for carrying out excellent work in the Secretariats, highlighting its action around issues such as water pollution and air pollution, sewage treatment, etc.
The establishment of agencies and public agencies linked especially to the issue of the built environment and the formulation of environmental policy is recent in Brazil. An important item of public action for the environmental area is the Federal Constitution of 1988, being assigned concurrent activities between the three spheres of the federation: Union, states and municipalities, as co-responsible for ensuring the quality of the built environment, and thereby giving better conditions to municipalities to exercise environmental policies that benefit the nation.
The acceleration of inequality was added to the crisis opened by the State, which took governments much of their power of investment in infrastructure and social services. As a result, for a growing portion of the population, life in the built environment has also become synonymous with unemployment, poverty, violence, slums, congestion degradation and pollution.
The issues facing urbanization is faster in poor countries: on average 5% per year, against 0.6% in highly developed countries. Given these factors, 1995-2015, the urban population in less industrialized countries grew by 52%, while developed in this rate was around 7%. In the Brazilian case, there is the fact of having been one of the fastest world is urbanization processes: from 46% in 1940, the cities now house 80% of the population in 1996 and should reach 88% by 2025. industrialization has urban centers account for 90% of everything produced in the country, leading to a concentration of people in large cities.
The multiplication of settlements in the built environment implies changes also in sustainability. To work with issues such as waste, solid waste, water collection, security, transportation, pollution, one must think of new ways of acting managers and the internalization of environmental issues in the formulation and implementation of different public policies, as well as the exchange of experiences and information among different social actors are crucial in this process.
Teacher doctor Adilson PELOGGIA
Specialist in Environmental Sciences